Mowing has always been inseparable from grazing. On pastures and meadows, farmers regularly used both. Today, this ancient rule is rather rare and the management of meadows and pastures has undergone a significant change.
Traditionally, mowing was done using a scythe. Most often it was mosaic mowing, that is, where individual parts of the land are mowed at different intervals. This procedure is environmentally friendly, giving the animals a chance to move to another, non-mowed part of the area. In addition, the scythe keeps the mowed plants whole, giving them the possibility of seeding during drying.
Nowadays, not many people use or know how to use a scythe. Although it is a technique included among folk crafts, even today we can find enthusiasts in the České středohoří who maintain some habitats by mowing with a scythe. Today, petrol or electric motors assist humans with mowing. Strimmers and bar mowers have a similar effect to classic scythes, albeit with undoubtedly greater noise. Both machines mow the plants at different heights and keep them whole, but with an uneven cut of the straw. Although it scares animals, cautious mowers can handle them so that they do not harm living creatures.
Unfortunately, mowing is now most often carried out by a rotary mower towed behind a tractor. It takes place on selected meadows, often too intensively, mostly at high speed and even three times a year. This intensive mowing does not respect the period of raising young at all. In addition, farmers often mow meadows the wrong way. They move from the edge to the centre, because they save time and fuel this way and do not roll the grass unnecessarily. As a result, however, they create a trap for animals fleeing from danger to higher vegetation. Mowing with a rotary lawnmower requires sensitivity. The regeneration of stands and animals for which meadows are home must be taken into account. It is ideal to mow the meadows only after the animals have had their offspring, in sections, and ideally from the centre, so that the animals can flee into the surrounding landscape.